The ULS product series of Ultra Low Profile Slim Power Resistors is the latest product offering from KWK Resistors. These Aluminium housed wire wound resistors are designed for applications which demand extremely small form factors of the resistive element.
This document covers the various design, production and application specifications of the product range. The unique positioning of this product in the market and the challenges overcome during the design are also discussed. Detailed Technical Specifications, Standards and compliance are listed in the Appendix.
This document is meant for disseminating information on the ULS Power Resistors product range to the design, manufacturing, sales and support teams of electrical equipment vendors.
Power resistors are used in a wide variety of applications. They come in various models depending on the wattage, resistance and physical dimensional requirements. KWK already has an existing range of power resistors in the product range.
In fact, most recently, one of the top Electric Vehicles Manufacturer in India, approached KWK Resistors with a specialised requirement for a power resistor with a very small profile size dimension, to be used in their Electric Vehicles.
As part of the pre-charge circuit in the Electric Vehicles Design, there was a requirement for a pre-charge resistor to limit the inrush current. This resistor would perform the critical function of withstanding high pulse energy and safeguarding the internal circuits and motor from damage.
As end consumer products like EVs give high priority to compact size, sleek appearance and continuously improving performance, an agreement was made to design a completely new resistor product for this purpose.
KWK team came up with the design for a brand new Ultra Low Profile – Slim Resistor product for their requirement.
The ULS resistor has the distinction of being one of the slimmest power resistors in the market across the world. It comes with a 6mm profile thickness encased in a sleek and sturdy Aluminium body.
The ULS series of Ultra Low Profile Power resistors was introduced into the market in 2019. Since then the ULS resistors range has found wide application in Electric Mobility, Power Electronics, Automation / Test equipment and Drives, Frequency Converters, Medical Electronics and Industrial Automation.
KWK Resistors is a global market leader in resistor solutions with satisfied customers all over the world. High power resistors, Braking resistors, Film Resistors, Wire wounds, Punched Grids, Metal Clad resistors – whatever the type of resistor solutions customers are looking for are available. Solutions can cater to a broad spectrum of resistance requirements – from a fraction of a watt to hundreds of kiloWatts.
With world class Resistors design and manufacturing capabilities in-house, KWK excels in understanding customer’s needs and delivering customized solutions to suit them perfectly. An industry pioneer with over 40 years of experience, KWK resistors is a Joint Venture between three leading Power Resistor manufacturers – K S Instruments Pvt Ltd India, Krah Group Germany, and Widap Switzerland.
ULS series are Ultra Slim Power Resistors where the resistive element is encased in an ultra-slim Aluminium profile. They are wire wound resistors with a metallic wire wound around a non-conductive core. The ULS series are the world’s slimmest Power Resistors in the Wire Wound Type.
The wire conductor is made of high quality alloy materials suited for the resistance requirements. The resistance is wound around a durable, insulating ceramic core with good thermal properties.
These resistors are typically suited for low frequency applications which require high precision of resistance values. The resistance offered depends on the length and diameter of the wire. Longer wires offer higher resistance as transmission loss in the current is higher. Wider wires offer lesser resistance as current flows easily with greater surface area. To create a high resistance, the wire diameter needs to be very small and the length very long. Since these parameters can be accurately controlled, high precision can be achieved.
The ULS is designed to have medium to high energy capacity for a metal clad resistor, decent range of resistance values and a good electrical insulation. This makes it very useful in high power, high accuracy applications such as electrical vehicles, pulsed operations, discharge applications and test/measurement equipment.
A senior customer representative of one of our esteemed customers made this interesting observation on seeing the sleek and stylish design of the ULS Product Range for the first time. He was on a visiting tour of our manufacturing unit in Bengaluru, India.
MNC with business in varied applications such as Wind Energy, Drives, Railways and Power Electronics
It has been designed to push the profile size to a bare minimum. The ULS has a profile height of under 6mm making it one of the thinnest metal clad resistors available.
With the ever evolving design forms of new electrical equipment pushing higher specifications in smaller form factors, we believe the ULS will help in this direction.
The ULS is designed to have medium to high energy capacity for a metal clad resistor, decent range of resistance values and a good electrical insulation.
The Ultra-low profile of ULS power resistors is visibly smaller compared to other regular catalogue products. The round ceramic core for winding was not suitable for these resistors since it cannot be inserted inside the slim Aluminium profile. So the complete design for winding the element and material construction was different and newly designed especially for this product. The resistance wire is wound on a suitable slim non-conductive former for the ULS.
The design team successfully met the challenge of designing the resistor element suitable for the ultra slim profile, meeting all electrical parameters required.
Developing a die for the Aluminium Housing was a challenging task because of the extremely low profile and thickness. However, the KWK team successfully developed the low profile housing and a new former suitable for this profile.
The initial order size was on a large scale with urgent delivery deadlines. The entire lifecycle from design, production, testing to delivery was completed in record time. The first batch of the ULS resistors were delivered in 2019.
KWK Resistors has come up with a set of simple DO-IT-YOURSELF resistor guides for identifying the appropriate resistor for different applications. For instance, the ULS product range will be suggested as the best fit for the given Wattage and Ohmic value ranges.
Explore our website https://www.kwk-resistors.in for more on this.
For choosing the right resistor for other applications, we also have some very useful resource utilities on our website:
The initial requirement for the ULS product range was in the Electric Vehicles Industry for Pre-charge circuits of Electric Vehicles. However, the ULS resistors range has found wide application in Electric Mobility, Power Electronics, Automation / Test equipment, Drivers, Frequency Converters, Industrial Automation and Medical equipment.
In the Electric Vehicle (EV) industry, High power resistors are used in a variety of applications. Power converters for charging systems, power control units, power distribution units, motor control units and battery modules are the most important uses.
The following circuit diagram shows the original requirement for ULS Power resistors in the pre-charge circuit of Electric Vehicles.
ULS Resistors used for Pre-charge application in Electric Vehicles
A pre-charge resistor is a device that slowly charges the capacitors inside an electronic speed controller before it is powered up. Without this resistor, closing the contactor would generate a large amount of inrush current causing the contacts to arc, resulting in a poor connection and diminish vehicle performance.
Pre-charge and Discharge application is used in the Renewable Energy sector too, but with a different circuit diagram.
Applications for ULS wire wound power resistors in the EV and renewable energy industry sectors are listed below:
Industrial automation is unimaginable without power resistors. AC Drive panels, Variable Frequency Drives (VFD), Microprocessor Frequency Controllers and Inverters are all devices which employ resistors for motor starting, braking and speed control functions.
Due to high power and high precision capabilities, wire wound resistors are often used for current control applications in industrial automation and heavy equipment. They can be used as circuit breakers or as fuses.
Use of ULS wire wound power resistors in the Industrial Automation sector is primarily for dynamic braking and current control in the circuits. These applications are listed below:
Wire wound resistors find wide application in Power electronics for absorbing motor regeneration power and generating appropriate braking torque from motors. Because of its low profile height, the ULS power resistors can easily be mounted at the back side of a VFC (Voltage Frequency Converter). Specific applications are listed below:
For several equipment used in medical electronics, resistor components provide two critical functions – tolerance to high voltage and surge protection. They are vital to equipment design and their safe, efficient functioning.
ULS power resistors, due to their ultra-slim profile size are very suitable for compact and portable medical equipment, even for home deployment and human contact devices. The resistors find wide application in diagnostic and imaging equipment. Specific applications are listed below:
Resistors are generally low maintenance parts, provided the right voltage and electrical parameters are always applied.
ULS product ranges from KWK resistors are designed and extensively tested to withstand the voltage and current ranges as defined in the technical specifications for a continuous application.
When equipment manufacturers ensure current and voltage regulation, the resistors will work for years without drop in performance, thereby maintaining the life of the equipment too.
|Rated Power (W)||50W / 100W|
|Resistance Range||3.3Ω – 1KΩ|
|Termination type||Cable lead-out|
|Application||Discharge, Dynamic Braking, Filter Resistors, Anti – Surge / Pulse Withstanding, High Power|
|Mounting||Chassis/ Heat Sinkable Mount, Screw Mount|
Note: All dimensions are in mm.
Disclaimer: Product specifications, data and dimensions are subject to change without any prior notice to improve performance, reliability and design.
SURFACE TEMPERATURE INCREASE v/s POWER & POWER DERATING CURVE